Facts about Gildone in Italy

The town is located in a hilly area; the landscape is typical of the hills of Molise: cultivated fields alternating with fallow plots and forests that cover a large part of the territory. In Samnite period, as is attested by the discovery of a necropolis in the agro municipal territory of Gildo was inhabited; the current common, then, prospered with the immigration of the inhabitants of the feuds of Quadrano and St. Andrew, transferred to unknown reasons. Over the centuries, this country also saw the alternation of different families in power until the end of feudalism. Few and not always reliable news are available regarding the etymology of the name. The catalog of the twelfth Borelliano name was Celandine, below was Geldoniam, then Cedrone and eighteenth centuries Gildone.

The patron saint is San Sabino which is carried in a procession on August 1.

Other recurring festivals are common: The feast of St. Anthony with the characteristic procession with bread; The feast in honor of Our Lady of Grace is undoubtedly the festivities felt by most Gildone, which is carried in procession on the 5th of August, the feast day; according to legend, it seems that a painting of the Madonna was mysteriously found in a well in the old town of Casal di Puglia, whose holy patroness, Our Lady of Grace, then a common devotion transformed over the years by mutual pilgrimages.

Festival of peppers that takes place every year on 15 and August 22 at the Chapel of Santa Maria in Quadrano, always takes place in the municipality of Gildone;

Gildone is a town of 853 inhabitants in the Molise region, 10 km from Campobasso.

Altitude: 608 M above sea level
With an area of 29 sq. km
Density: 30.48 inhabitants per km2
Postal Code: 86010
Prefix: 0874
Registration: CB

Population from 1861 to 2001

In the immediate vicinity of the town there is a burial ground and a fortification from the sannitica era.

The Gildone Fortifications
The Rises of the hill called "Mountain" that has the maximum altitude of 902 meters above sea level The circuit of the walls follows discontinuously; it contains both the upper plateau areas is quite bumpy, especially on the eastern and north-east, which offers an excellent view of the valley of the river Carapelle (right tributary of the river Tappino, the latter a tributary of the river Fortore) and the sheep trail of Castel di Sangro-Lucera.

The Gildone Fortifications

The Sannitico Tombs of Gildone


The small group of graves (23 graves) is located in the resort Morgia Lock the limits of a small plateau in the north / north-east slopes towards the valley of Gildo. The tombs occupy a narrow and elongated and are found in three groupings that may suggest not to successive moments of the deposition, but in nuclei intentional (family members, for example). The graves are all in the pit, without coverage (but there had to be a segnacolo outside, since there are cases of overlapping), filled with earth and stones; a definite case and one certainly had coverage "cappuccina", that is, with tiles arranged to form a gabled roof. The skeleton is lying on his back sometimes with head bowed. In funerary ritual there are significant changes: most of the graves has one or two pots placed at the foot, in those of children (two cases), it is clear the ritual of crushing ritual vessels, in one case (that of the tomb canes) vessel (different from the others, since no cups or basins but a jar of perfume) is placed under the head; in two cases are observed traces of wood, which leave presuppose the use of plates for floor laying or for protection of the upper body. The male graves are characterized by a small boxcutter positioned on the shoulder, from razors, small axes, in three cases by belts of bronze and in three cases from the tips of the javelin. The female graves have fibulas (the clips for clothes) and bronze iron, sometimes with decorative filigree; one individual (the deceased's tomb in the Capuchin), has two rings of ronzo, one in each hand. On the south-east of the cemetery there was a small building built when the use of the site in tombs was the beginning; it was probably intended for rituals connected with the burial and those in more occurrences of the deceased.

The graves occupy a space between the chronological order of the V and the beginning of the third century BC.

The anthropological analysis allow to define the age of the deceased and nutritional stress and from work. In Gildone there is a high mortality in the juvenile period especially among males; in adult classes up to 50 years prevails female mortality with a very low presence of women after age 50. The average age of adults is about 40 years, 36 for women; infants represent a very small percentage (13%). The presence of dental disease is very high, especially in women, indicated by scholars as a consequence of malnutrition, with a high consumption of carbohydrates and low use of meat, typical condition of community devoted to agriculture. In the field of injury from work activities joints most affected are the hip, shoulder and elbow; scholars associate arthritis in the elbow of women to grind the seeds. These lesions are present in both men and women, dedicated to activities in general hard and heavy, carried out at a young age.

The Sannitico Tombs of Gildone

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